Biodiversity Park, Ranchi


Biodiversity or biological diversity refers to all life forms, with their manifold variety that occurs on our planet earth. It encompasses not only ecosystems, populations and species but the different subunits of species like 'races', each possessing unique characteristic attributes. Protecting biodiversity is not merely a matter of emotion or aesthetics, wild habitats hold the key to our water security, soil health and agriculture.

We have already lost many species that once flourished in this environment. If not properly conserved, the present biodiversity will be drastically reduced in the face of the rapid development that is taking place. We shall have to preserve whatever little greenery is there and we shall have to create more green spaces to improve the biodiversity.

The monitoring of biodiversity is an important aspect to realize the sign of changes. But such a monitoring cannot be done without creating a database of flora and fauna of the areas concerned. Biodiversity Park, Ranchi  would serve the objectives of all the above issues in future. This Park is being developed over an area of 542 acres of protected forest of Lalkhatanga & Garkhatanga of C D block Khijri. The main objective of this park is to conserve the biodiversity of the Ranchi plateau and to maintain the genetic stock available therein. Special thrust is to be given for the conservation of rare, threatened and endangered species of Jharkhand as well as that of India.

    A part of this garden is to be made to serve the purpose of Botanical garden with a purpose of creating public awareness and imparting environmental education to the general mass.

Presently following activities have been taken up in the park.

  • Medicinal Garden: A medicinal garden housing more than 100 species of medicinal plants has been established and is being maintained.
  • Zone of Indigenous species: In this zone 115 species have been planted over an area of 5 ha.
  • Zone of exotic species: It is spread over an area of 4 ha and 64 species of exotic plants have been planted here.
  • Bambusetum: A bambusetum has been established over an area of 4 ha, where 24 species of bamboos have been planted.
  • Grass Zone: Spread over an area of 0.5 ha, 33 species of grasses have been planted here.
  • Aquatic Garden: In this garden 15 species of aquatic plants have been planted. There is a good collection of different varities of lillies & lotus in this garden.
  • Palm Garden: It is spread over an area of 1 ha, where forty five species of palms and cycads have been planted.
  • Rose Garden: A beautiful rose garden is being developed in the park over an area of  1 acre.
  • Grass Lawn and Shrubbery: A rich lush green grass lawn with shrubbery all around has been developed near the main entrance of the park, where a magnificent entrance plaza has been constructed.
  • Conservatories: Conservatories are being developed in the park, where the indigenous & endemic plant species are being made to bring back.
  • Water harvesting and water conservation: The whole park area is having undulating terrain with many natural nallas passing through it. Underground water level of the park area is very low and it is very difficult to get water even after going 1000 ft deep. So thrust is being given to check the run off water & store it by constructing check dams and other structures and barriers across nallas. In fact, a special drive has already been taken up to convert the whole area into a "zero run off zone". The ultimate objective is to make this "water scarce zone" into a "water surplus zone".